Illegitimi non carborundum

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English Muffins

English Muffins

English Muffins are easier to make than you would think. They are worth the time it takes to make them! This recipe comes from King Arthur Flour and is my favorite.   INGREDIENTS: 1 3/4 cups lukewarm milk 3 tablespoons softened butter 1 1/4 to […]

Spinach Lasagna

Spinach Lasagna

Be sure to use Italian fontina rather than bland and rubbery Danish or American fontina. If it is not available, substitute whole milk mozzarella. To make the cheese easier to shred, freeze it for 30 minutes to firm it up. If fresh nutmeg is unavailable, […]

Levy’s Jewish Rye Bread

Levy’s Jewish Rye Bread

This is my favorite rye bread. It comes from Rose Levy Beranbaum’s “The Bread Bible“. I can whole heartedly recommend this book, it is one of the most used baking books on my shelf!


Time schedule:

Dough starter (sponge): minimum 1 hour, maximum 24 hours

Minimum rising time: about 3 1/4 hours

Oven temperature: 450° F, then 400° F

Baking time: 45 to 55 minutes


Dough starter (sponge)

Ingredients measure weight
volume ounces grams
Bread flour 3/4 cup About 4 ounces 117 grams
Rye flour 3/4 cup 3.3 ounces 95 grams
Instant yeast 1/2 teaspoon 1.6 grams
sugar 1 1/2 tablespoons 0.6 ounce 18.7 grams
Malt powder or

  Barley malt syrup, or honey, or 


1/2 tablespoon 4.6 grams

10.5 grams

6.2 grams

Water, room temperature 1 1/2 liquid cups 12.5 ounces 354 grams


1. Make the Sponge. In a mixer bowl or other large bowl, place the bread flour, rye flour, yeast, sugar, malt (or honey or sugar), and water. Whisk until very smooth, to incorporate air, about 2 minutes. The starter will be the consistency of a thick batter. Scrape down the sides of the bowl. Set it aside covered with plastic wrap while you make the flour mixture. 


Flour mixture

Ingredents measure weight
volume ounces grams
Bread flour 2 1/4 cup About 12.5 ounces 351 grams
Instant yeast 1/2 plus

1/8 teaspoon

2 grams
Caraway seeds 2 tablespoons 0.5 ounce 14 grams
salt 1/2 tablespoon 0.3 ounce 10.5 grams
Vegetable oil 1/2 tablespoon 0.25 ounce 6.7 grams
Cornmeal for sprinkling About 2 teaspoons About 0.5 ounce About 16 grams


2. Combine the ingredients for the flour mixture and add to the sponge. In a large bowl, whisk together the bread flour (reserve 1/4 cup if mixing by hand), yeast, caraway seeds, and salt. Gently scoop it onto the sponge to cover it completely. Cover tightly with plastic wrap and allow it to ferment for 1 to 4 hours at room temperature. (During this time, the sponge will bubble through the flour mixture in places; this is fine).


3. Mix the dough. 

Mixer Method

Add the oil and mix with the dough hook on low speed (#2 if using a KitchenAid) for about 1 minute, until the flour is moistened enough to form a rough dough. Raise the speed to medium (#4 KitchenAid) and mix for 10 minutes. The dough should be very smooth and elastic, and it should jump back when pressed with a fingertip. If the dough is at all sticky, turn it out onto a counter and knead in a little extra flour. (The dough will weigh about 2 pounds 1.7 ounces/965 grams)

Hand Method

Add the oil and, with a wooden spoon or your hand, stir until the flour is moistened. Knead the dough in the bowl until it comes together, then scrape it onto a lightly floured counter. Knead the dough for 5 minutes, enough to develop the gluten structure a little, adding as little of the reserved flour as possible to keep it from sticking. Use a bench scraper to scrape the dough and gather it together as you knead it. At this point, it will be a little sticky. Cover it with the inverted bowl and allow it to rest for 20 minutes. (This resting time will make the dough less sticky and easier to work with.)

Knead the dough for another 5 to 10 minutes or until it is very smooth and elastic. If the dough is sticky, add some of the remaining reserved flour, or a little extra. (The dough will weigh 2 pounds 1.7 ounces/965 grams)


Both Methods

4. Let the dough rise. Place the dough in a 2-quart dough-rising container or bowl, lightly greased with cooking spray or oil. Press down the dough and lightly spray or oil the top. Cover the container with a lid or plastic wrap. With a piece of tape, mark the side of the container at approximately where the height of the dough would be. Allow the dough to rise (ideally at 75° to 80° F) until doubled, 1 1/2 to 2 hours.

Using an oiled spatula or dough scraper, scrape the dough out onto a floured counter and press down on it gently to form a rectangle. Give it 1 business letter turn. Oil the surface again, cover, and mark where double the height would now be. The dough will fill the container fuller than before because it is puffier with air. Allow rise a second time until doubled, about 45 minutes. 


5. Shape the dough and let it rise. Turn the dough out onto a lightly floured counter and press it down to flatten it slightly. Round the dough into a ball about 5 1/2 inches by 2 1/2 inches high and set it on the cornmeal sprinkled baking sheet, or La Cloche bottom. Cover it with a large container or oiled plastic wrap, let the dough rise until almost doubled, about 1 hour to 1 hour and 15 minutes. It will be about 7 1/2 inches by 3 1/2 inches high, and when it is pressed gently with a  fingertip the depression will very slowly fill in.


6. Preheat the oven. Preheat the oven to 450°F 1 hour before baking. Have an oven shelf at the lowest level and place a baking stone or baking sheet on it before pre-heating. If not using La Cloche, place a cast-iron skillet or sheet pan on the floor of the oven to preheat. If using La Cloche, preheat the dome along with the oven.


7, Slash and bake the bread. With a sharp knife or single-edged razor blade, make 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep slashes in the top of the dough (I like to make 2 slashes about 6 inches apart in one direction and a second 2 slashes perpendicular to them). If  using La Cloche, carefully place the hot top on the base and quickly but gently set it on the hot stone or hot baking sheet. Alternatively, mist the dough with water and quickly but gently set the baking sheet on the hot stone or hot baking sheet. Toss 1/2 cup of ice cubes into the pan beneath and immediately shut the door. Bake for 15 minutes. Then lower the temperature to 400°F and continue baking for 30 to 40 minutes or until the bread is golden brown and a skewer inserted into the middle comes out clean (an instant read thermometer inserted into the center will read about 190°F). If not using a La Cloche, halfway through the baking, with a heavy pancake turner, lift the bread from the pan and set it directly on the stone, turning it around as you do so for even baking. If using La Cloche, remove the dome for the last 5 to 10 minutes of baking. 


8. Cool the bread. Remove the bread from the oven, and transfer to a wire rack to cool completely.



The Dough percentage
Flour 100% (bread 83.1%, rye 16.9%)
Water 62.9%
Sugar 3.3%
Yeast 0.64%
Caraway seeds 2.5%
Salt 1.9%
Oil 1.2%
Beef and Cabbage Buns

Beef and Cabbage Buns

Runsas (Beef and Cabbage Buns with cheese) A soft yeast dough stuffed with a quick filling of ground beef, cabbage and cheese is reasonably simply and surprisingly addictive. This mid-western Germany classic is perfect for Oktoberfest or any time of year. Dough: ⁃ 3/4 cup […]

Cinnamon Star Bread

Cinnamon Star Bread

This recipe is from King Arthur Flour This pull-apart style sweet bread is a show-stopping riff on a classic cinnamon bun. As it bakes, the cinnamon-sugar filling caramelizes and gives the bread a wonderfully sweet and crunchy coating, while the interior remains soft and tender. […]

The Best Roast Potatoes Ever Recipe

The Best Roast Potatoes Ever Recipe

The Best Roast Potatoes Ever Recipe

This recipe comes from here:


– Kosher salt
– 1/2 teaspoon (4g) baking soda
– 4 pounds (about 2kg) russet or Yukon Gold potatoes, peeled and cut into quarters, sixths, or eighths, depending on size (see note)
– 5 tablespoons (75ml) extra-virgin olive oil, duck fat, or beef fat
– Small handful picked rosemary leaves, finely chopped
– 3 medium cloves garlic, minced
– Freshly ground black pepper
– Small handful fresh parsley leaves, minced


1. Adjust oven rack to center position and preheat oven to 450°F/230°C (or 400°F/200°C if using convection). Heat 2 quarts (2L) water in a large pot over high heat until boiling. Add 2 tablespoons kosher salt (about 1 ounce; 25g), baking soda, and potatoes and stir. Return to a boil, reduce to a simmer, and cook until a knife meets little resistance when inserted into a potato chunk, about 10 minutes after returning to a boil.

2. Meanwhile, combine olive oil, duck fat, or beef fat with rosemary, garlic, and a few grinds of black pepper in a small saucepan and heat over medium heat. Cook, stirring and shaking pan constantly, until garlic just begins to turn golden, about 3 minutes. Immediately strain oil through a fine-mesh strainer set in a large bowl. Set garlic/rosemary mixture aside and reserve separately.

3. When potatoes are cooked, drain carefully and let them rest in the pot for about 30 seconds to allow excess moisture to evaporate. Transfer to bowl with infused oil, season to taste with a little more salt and pepper, and toss to coat, shaking bowl roughly, until a thick layer of mashed potato–like paste has built up on the potato chunks.

4. Transfer potatoes to a large rimmed baking sheet and separate them, spreading them out evenly. Transfer to oven and roast, without moving, for 20 minutes. Using a thin, flexible metal spatula to release any stuck potatoes, shake pan and turn potatoes. Continue roasting until potatoes are deep brown and crisp all over, turning and shaking them a few times during cooking, 30 to 40 minutes longer.

5. Transfer potatoes to a large bowl and add garlic/rosemary mixture and minced parsley. Toss to coat and season with more salt and pepper to taste. Serve immediately.

Scottish Oat Scones

Scottish Oat Scones

Scottish Oat Scones Ingredients: 1 1/2 Cup(s) all-purpose flour 1 Cup(s) Quaker® Oats (quick or old fashioned, uncooked) 1/4 Cup(s) granulated sugar 1 Tablespoon(s) Baking Powder 1/4 Teaspoon(s) salt (optional) 8 Tablespoon(s) (1 stick) margarine or butter, chilled and cut into pieces 1/2 Cup(s) currants, […]

Turkey Pot Pie for Two

Turkey Pot Pie for Two

Turkey Pot Pie for Two Ingredients 4 tablespoons butter 1 onion (peeled, small dice) 3/4 cup sweet potato (peeled, medium dice) 3/4 cup parsnip (peeled, medium dice) 4 tablespoons all-purpose flour 2 cups chicken stock 1/4 teaspoon grated nutmeg 1 tablespoon sage (chopped) 1 cup […]

Thai Chicken and Coconut Soup

Thai Chicken and Coconut Soup

Thai Chicken and Coconut Soup

Keep the bok choy greens and stalks separate after they’ve been prepped, because they are added to the soup at different times. If you prefer your soup less spicy, use the lesser amount of curry past. Be sure to use light coconut milk here or the soup will be too rich.

    • 4 cups low-sodium chicken broth
    • 3 tablespoons fish sauce
    • 1-tablespoon light brown sugar
    • 1-pound boneless, skinless chicken breasts
    • salt and ground black pepper
    • 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
    • 2 tablespoons grated fresh ginger
    • 3-4 tablespoons red curry paste
    • 1 small head bok choy, greens sliced thin and stalks chopped medium
    • 2 (14 ounce) cans light coconut milk
    • 8 ounces sliced white mushrooms
    • 3 tablespoons fresh lime juice
    • ½ cup fresh cilantro leaves
  1. Prepare the ginger and Bok Choy while the chicken browns. Slice the mushrooms and prepare the garnishes while the soup simmers.
  2. Heat broth mixture: Bring broth, fish sauce, and brown sugar to boil, covered, in large saucepan and set aside.
  3. Season and brown chicken: Meanwhile, pat chicken dry with paper towels, then season with salt and pepper. Heat oil in large Dutch oven over medium-high heat until just smoking. Add chicken and cook until lightly browned on both sides, about 5 minutes. Transfer chicken to plate.
  4. Add seasoning and cook: Add ginger, curry paste, and ½ teaspoon salt to fat left in Dutch oven and cook over medium heat until fragrant, about 1 minute.
  5. Add broth mixture and bok choy stalks: Turn heat to low and stir in hot broth mixture, scraping up any browned bits. Add bok choy stalks and browned chicken. Cook, covered, until chicken is cooked through and not longer pink in center, about 10 minutes. Remove chicken and set aside.
  6. Add coconut milk and mushrooms: Stir in coconut milk and mushrooms. Increase heat to medium-high and cook until mushrooms soften slightly, about 5 minutes.
  7. Shred chicken: Add bok choy greens, season, and finish: While soup is simmering, shred chicken into bite-sized pieces. Stir in bok choy greens and cook until wilted, about 1 minute. Off heat, stir in shredded chicken and lime, juice. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Sprinkle bowls with cilantro leaves before serving.
Skillet Lasagna

Skillet Lasagna

Skillet Lasagna For the jarred tomato sauce I like marinara, but you can use whatever type you like. Any brand of curly-edged lasagna noodles will work here, but do not use no-boil lasagna noodles. If the pasta is especially dry and shattery, you may need […]